Science can reveal much about the world in which we live, but can also yield fascinating insights about how living people—in various times and cultures—have experienced the world. Established in by Rene and Susanne Braginsky, the Center supports research that inhabits the border area between the exact sciences and fields such as psychology, literature, religion, history, language and the arts. It encourages out-of-the-box, cross-disciplinary initiatives. One physicist funded by the Center developed a method for identifying individual authorship in ancient cuneiform tablets based on how a stylus was pressed into wet clay. A systems biologist revealed quantitative data about the placebo effect in Western medicine, as well as supernatural shamanism in tribal cultures. Since its inception, the Braginsky Center has been directed by Prof. Procaccia recently demonstrated how quantitative techniques can be applied to cultural artifacts, revealing deep insights about life in the ancient world.
Scientists Date Events In “The Odyssey”
But scientists believe they have found astronomical references in the Then, they aligned each of those dates with the date of Odysseus’s.
The Odyssey is one of the great works of ancient Western literature, written eight centuries before the birth of Christ and four centuries after the fall of Troy. Generations of classicists have pored over the many lines of Homer’s epic description of the long journey taken by the hero Odysseus to his home island of Ithaca. Now two scholars have found evidence to support the idea that one line, in the poem’s 20th book, refers to a total solar eclipse that occurred on 16 April BC — the day when Odysseus returned home to kill his wife’s suitors.
If true, this would date the fall of Troy itself to precisely BC. It takes Odysseus 10 years to reach Ithaca after the year Trojan war. During his time away, his young son, Telemachus, has grown into a man and his faithful wife, Penelope, is besieged by unruly suitors desperate to gain her hand in marriage. The Odyssey is the story of a long and great journey involving the beautiful nymph Calypso — who enslaves Odysseus for seven years as her lover — helpful divinities such as Athena and vengeful gods such as Poseidon.
Odysseus eventually escapes from Calypso, survives a shipwreck where all his compatriots are drowned and is befriended by the Phaeacians, a race of skilled mariners who finally deliver the hero safely to Ithaca, where he takes on the guise of a beggar to learn how things stand at home.
Astronomical dating of vedas
The Odyssey is one of the great works of ancient Western literature, written eight centuries before the birth of Christ and four centuries after the fall of Troy. Generations of classicists have pored over the many lines of Homer’s epic description of the long journey taken by the hero Odysseus to his home island of Ithaca. Now two scholars have found evidence to support the idea that one line, in the poem’s 20th book, refers to a total solar eclipse that occurred on April 16, BC – the day when Odysseus returned home to kill his wife’s suitors.
If true, this would date the fall of Troy itself to precisely BC. It takes Odysseus 10 years to reach Ithaca after the year Trojan war.
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GREECE: BY DELVING into a year-old mystery using astronomical clues in Homer’s Odyssey, researchers say they have dated.
According to a new study of the epic tale “The Odyssey”, by the ancient Greek poet Homer, a total solar eclipse occurring during Odysseus’ return from Troy could help trace a more accurate timeline for the city’s fall. Astronomical clues found in Homer’s “The Odyssey” could help confirm a total solar eclipse when Odysseus returned home, providing a potentially accurate timeline for the fall of Troy, two scientists reported Monday. Historians and classicists for centuries have debated the eclipse hypothesis in the ancient Greek poet’s epic work, concluding reluctantly that no such reference exists in either “The Odyssey” or its predecessor, “The Iliad.
The clues, they claim, provide corroborating evidence of a solar eclipse when Odysseus returned home to murder the suitors who had taken advantage of his long absence to court his wife. The first clue is the description of a new moon on the day of Odysseus’ return, which is a prerequisite for a total solar eclipse. Six days before the massacre, Homer wrote, Venus shone brightly high in the sky; 29 days earlier, he said the Pleiades and Bootes constellations were both visible at sunset; and finally, 33 days before the massacre, he suggested Mercury was high at dawn and near the western end of its trajectory.
These four celestial indicators never occur in exactly the same timeframe, so the researchers looked for a period within years of the fall of Troy that would fit the astronomical pattern they had discovered. There was only one date: April 16, B. The date could potentially help historians date the fall of Troy, which was purported to occur around the time of the events described in “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey.
Nevertheless, he stressed the findings rely on a large assumption and the conclusions are very hypothetical. Daily newsletter Receive essential international news every morning. Take international news everywhere with you!
The Antikythera Mechanism
Using clues from star and sun positions mentioned by the ancient Greek poet Homer, scholars think they have determined the date when King Odysseus returned from the Trojan War and slaughtered a group of suitors who had been pressing his wife to marry one of them. It was on April 16, B. Experts have long debated whether the books of Homer reflect the actual history of the Trojan War and its aftermath. Marcelo O.
Magnasco of Rockefeller University in New York and Constantino Baikouzis of the Astronomical Observatory in La Plata, Argentina, acknowledge they had to make some assumptions to determine the date Odysseus returned to his kingdom of Ithaca. But interpreting clues in Homer’s “Odyssey” as references to the positions of stars and a total eclipse of the sun allowed them to determine when a particular set of conditions would have occurred.
Two scientists have concluded that the homecoming of Odysseus in the sense that the astronomical phenomena pinpoint the date of 16 April.
Ever since , pioneering scientists at Palomar Observatory in Southern California have pushed against the boundaries of the known universe, making a series of dazzling discoveries that changed our view of the cosmos: quasars, colliding galaxies, supermassive black holes, brown dwarfs, supernovae, dark matter, the never-ending expansion of the universe, and much more. In Cosmic Odyssey , astronomer Linda Schweizer tells the story of the men and women at Palomar and their efforts to decipher the vast energies and mysterious processes that govern our universe.
Palomar was the Apollo mission of its era. The first images from the inch George Ellery Hale telescope, commissioned in as the world’s largest, generated as much excitement as images from the moon in and from the Hubble Space Telescope more recently. Schweizer takes readers behind the scenes of scientific discovery, mapping the often chaotic process of detours, dead ends, and serendipitous leaps of insight.
Although her focus is on Palomar, she follows threads of discovery across the world to other teams and observatories. Based on more than one hundred interviews and enhanced by research in scientific journals, her account paints a fascinating picture of how discrete insights acquired over decades by researchers in a global community cascade, collide, and finally coalesce into the discoveries we come to accept as facts.
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Hit or myth: stars date the slaughter
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Clues in the text hint that the poet knew his astronomy Researchers say that references to planets and constellations in the Odyssey describe a solar eclipse Taking Mercury out of the mix leaves 15 matching dates in the.
Skip to content. Skip to navigation. A short passage in the 20th book of the Odyssey has been interpreted as describing a total solar eclipse. It was suggested at the turn of the century that the only possible candidate to be an actual historical eclipse was the eclipse of 16 April BC. We present further internal evidence that indicates the narrative may actually refer to this specific historic eclipse. In the late s, Schoch and Neugebauer computed that the solar eclipse of 16 April B.
However, much skepticism remains about whether the verses refer to this, or any, eclipse. To contribute to the issue independently of the disputed eclipse reference, we analyze other astronomical references in the Epic, without assuming the existence of an eclipse, and search for dates matching the astronomical phenomena we believe they describe. Performing an exhaustive search of all possible dates in the span — B.
In that period, a single date closely matches our references: 16 April B.